Prostate Cancer Signs and Symptoms
If you are a man over the age of 50, it’s time to learn about prostate cancer. Often times, prostate cancer presents without signs or symptoms. Occasionally, however, there are warnings. Men should know the signs.
After skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer among men. In fact, about 1 in 9 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in his lifetime, according to the American Cancer Society.
Prostate Cancer Symptoms:
- Inability to urinate
- Frequent urination (especially at night)
- Pain or burning during urination or ejaculation
- Blood or pus in the urine or semen
- Persistent pain in the back, hips or pelvis
Who is at risk for prostate cancer?
- Men over the age of 50 are most at risk for prostate cancer.
- African American men and Caribbean men of African ancestry are more at risk. Prostate cancer occurs less frequently in Asian men. The reason for these factors is unknown at this time.
- Those with a family history of prostate cancer carry a higher risk. The risk is higher for those with a father or brother who have had the disease.
- There are a few other less prevalent risk factors.
Prostate cancer screening
Should you consider having a prostate cancer screening? We recommend speaking first with your primary care physician. If you decide to have a screening, you have two options.
- Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) – A PSA test measures the levels of protein in a man’s blood. The blood level of PSA is often elevated in a man with prostate cancer.
- Digital Rectal Exam – During a digital rectal exam, a doctor will insert a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to determine the size of the prostate and feel for any bumps or abnormalities.
Though there are risks involved in most screenings, they can help detect cancer early when it is typically easier to treat.
While there is no proven method to prevent prostate cancer, making healthy choices can decrease your risk. Eat a low-fat diet full of fruits and vegetables to start. Exercise most days of the week and maintain a healthy weight. And, talk to your doctor about your risk and family history.
To learn more about prostate cancer, visit the American Cancer Society’s page or speak with your primary care physician.